What is Multimedia?
Multimedia is the combination of different media components such as text, sound, image and video. It is mainly used to present information in different formats:
“Multimedia can be used to convey information to people effectively. It has brought fundamental changes to the way people learn, play and find information.” (BBC Bitesize)
Text: A great tool for tutors to act as an inclusive mechanism and increase resource accessibility for those who have hearing issues by clear and concise information in a written format,embedding literacy skills. It’s also another way to engage students on a different level, allowing for different learning styles.
Images: A great tool for tutors to act as an inclusive mechanism and increase resource accessibility for those who have hearing issues. It’s also another way to engage students on a different level other than simply verbally communicating, allowing for different learning styles. Here are a few examples of uses of images in education.
Audio: A brilliant tool for tutors to act as an inclusive mechanism and increase resource accessibility for those who have visibility issues. It’s also another way to engage students on a different level other than simply visually. Here are a few examples of uses of audio in education.
There’s a few general formats out there for end product Multimedia, anything from interactive learning packages and videos to simply audio layered on top of an image.
Video killed the audio star…
After our recent visit to the BETT show 2016 we noticed there was a higher preference to using videos in learning over simply adding audio or audio only podcasts, which have previously been used. Not only were videos used to demonstrate ideas, used as a student and tutor content creation tool or simply put on for students because they were having a lazy afternoon, but it was shown about how to use them effectively in blended learning.
One of the talks that stood out to us was the ‘Mooc videos in blended learning practices by Laia Albo’ where it was highlighted that flipped classrooms were not necessarily the way forward but instead a more blended learning hands on approach would be the best way to engage students and increase student progression. This is due to the Multimedia use as an autonomous, flexible and significant learning tool. Videos were used in practical classroom sessions as an instructional aid, where the students followed the instructional videos at their own pace, while replicating the task and the tutors acted as floating facilitators who guided and assessed the students work. To us this rang true of supporting vygotsky’s zone of proximal development theory and Bloom’s taxonomy
But also brought up the idea of, if the tutors are to act as guides, for elearning or mlearning, could it be possible to incorporate the questioning assessment side of the teachers role into the video themselves?
Previously interactive packages have been designed in complex, time consuming software which may not be compatible with all devices (Apple and Microsoft) This can be off putting for teaching staff, due to time constraints, but these packages have been widely successful in their use, and though now may be dated, the concept of having interactive packages, which include multimedia components, to be used in blended learning or flipped learning seems to be the future of multimedia use in education.
Now with the introduction of HTML compatible software and websites which lets you easily create, share and reuse interactive HTML5 content online, the prominence of interactive multimedia and it’s uses in education has become much clearer. It’s the way forward, the mix between video and interactivity reflects the cultural norm of being in front a device screen and the pedagogical benefits of video learning It also allows for teachers to be able to use these platforms without having to spend hours creating the resources.
So what does this mean for teaching?
Multimedia is a way of conveying information to people, and to do that effectively it needs to be communicated through storytelling in all sectors, from primary to H.E from onsite to elearning. As teachers, this is part of what they do. Physically teaching itself is a form of multimedia, giving the media of theatre, verbal, written and live action storytelling mixed with interactive questioning through being there to communicate and teach students, to convey the information and encourage learning on the subject at hand.
The introduction of interactive videos could possibly include the assessment side for teachers/tutors to include hands on blended learning classrooms which allows for more guided learning to occur. Helping students progress through the use of multimedia to engage different types of intelligences in learners. With this in mind teachers should embrace new multimedia technology to encourage their students to learn and be engaged with the course content.